BLACK TOURMALINE - This stone is revered as a premier talisman of protection, a psychic shield deflecting and dispelling negative energies, entities, or destructive forces. It is highly useful in purifying and neutralizing one's own negative thoughts and internal conflicts, and turning them into positive, usable energy. Black Tourmaline is also a powerful grounding stone, electrical in nature, providing a connection between Earth and the human spirit. Its supportive energy aligns the energy centers of the body and channels healing light throughout the system. It promotes a sense of power and self-confidence, allowing for a clearer, more objective view of the world. It is empowering to those who must live or work in challenging environments or when facing difficult circumstances. Tourmaline is a shamanic stone, providing protection during ritual work. To use Black Tourmaline in purification and protection rituals, create a ring of eight small tumbled stones for a protection circle or place upon an altar. Black Tourmaline soothes panic attacks, especially those caused by dark or confined spaces, or in places where the atmosphere is frightening. It also helps control fear. Wear this crystal for protection against moaners, whiners, complaining neighbors or emotional vampires who burden you with their problems but do nothing to improve their situations.